Reference is made to circular no.15/08 dated 11.04.2008 intimating the Board’s decision to evaluate Disaster Management in Social Sciences of class X through projects from the academic session 2008-09 and the Board Examination 2009 in Social Science of class X.
The Board has further decided that in addition to Project Work, Disaster Management will be evaluated through assignments also. Following is the revised marks distribution over the three components:
1. Tests – Formative and summative 10 marks
2. Assignments – class and Home 4 marks
3. Project Work 6 marks
Detailed guidelines in this regard are as follows :-
1. Tests - Formative and Summative:
The Unit/ Term tests in Class X will not include testing of theory in Disaster Management. Other things remain the same and the marks will be allotted taking the average of student’s performance in Class IX and also unit tests in Class X. Kindly refer to Board’s Circular No.26/05 dated 25.05.2005 in this respect.
2. Assignments – Class and Home
Hereafter, students are expected to do 4 different assignments in Social Science in Class X during an academic session. Out of these, one assignment must be from Disaster Management. All assignments would carry 1 mark each. The remaining three assignments can be given on the other components of Social Science as per discretion of the teacher after ensuring that questions cover all the units of Social Science syllabus and also no component of Social Science should carry more than one assignment.
The purpose of the assignment in Disaster Management is to evaluate the students understanding of the different methods of managing disasters. These assignments could be based on the suggested activities in the textbook or through using diagrams, pictures, comprehension of texts and descriptions given in all the seven chapters of the CBSE textbook, ‘Together Towards a Safer India, Part III’. This assignment should be from any chapter other than that selected by the student for project work. Records of assignment done by the students should be kept for a period of six months after board’s examination is over for verification.
3. Project Work:
Every student has to compulsorily undertake one project on Disaster Management. A list of topics for project work is enclosed for ready reference in annexure 1. These projects have been carefully designed so as to –
a) Create awareness in learners
b) Enable them to understand and co-relate all aspects of Disaster Management.
c) Relate theory with practice
d) Provide hands on experience.
In order to realize the expected objectives completely, it would be required of the Principals to muster support from various local authorities and organizations like the Disaster Management Authorities, Relief, Rehabilitation and the Disaster Management Departments of the States, Office of the District Magistrate/ Deputy Commissioners, Fire Service, Police, Civil Defence etc. in the area where the schools are located. The textbook entitled “Together Towards a Safer India, Part III”, by CBSE so far in use for theory examination is the recommended primary source for successfully carrying out the project work. The teachers must ensure judicious selection by students of projects covering a maximum number of listed projects.
The revised distribution of marks over different aspects relating to Project Work is as follows:
Content accuracy and originality
Presentation and creativity
Process of Project Completion : Initiative, cooperativeness, participation and punctuality
Viva or written test for content assimilation.
Total marks for project in Class X
The projects carried out by the students in different topics should subsequently be shared among themselves through interactive sessions such as exhibitions, panel discussions, etc. All documents pertaining to assessment under this activity should be meticulously maintained by concerned schools. A Summary Report should be prepared highlighting:
o objectives realized through individual or group interactions;
o calendar of activities;
o innovative ideas generated in this process ;
o list of questions asked in viva voce
and subsequently sent to the undersigned. It is to be noted here by all the teachers and students that the projects and models prepared should be made from eco friendly products without incurring too much expenditure. The Project Report should be handwritten by the students themselves and comprise of not more than 15 foolscap pages. The record of the project work should also be kept for a period of six months for verification, if any.
There being no change right now in Class IX syllabus and Evaluation Scheme, the component of Internal assessment pertaining to this aspect will remain the same.
This may be brought to the notice of all concerned.
Topics/Themes for Project Work on Disaster Management
Project 1_ Role of Govt./Non-Government functionaries in your locality in Disaster Management.
Interview any two of the Govt. /Non-Government functionaries in your locality on their role in Disaster Management.
Senior District Magistrate
Additional District Magistrate
Head of any NGO working in your locality – dealing in Disaster Management
Police inspector, Superintendent of Police
Civil Defence Warden/elected representatives
Home guard personnel
NCC Commandant in the school
Deputy Commissioner of Municipality
Carry out a survey by enquiring from at least 20 persons from different walks of life (such as shopkeepers, housewives, senior citizens, college students, etc.) in your locality on the hazards prevalent, and preventive measures they have taken or would like to take to reduce the impact.
Prepare a Survey report highlighting the areas where awareness is needed and the local resources available in the locality to create awareness.
(Note for Teachers: The teachers can select any two of the functionaries based on their availability in that city/town. This topic can be taken up individually by students or by a group consisting of two students. In case of group work where two students are involved, work should be divided equally so that distribution of marks is easier).
Project 2: Generating Awareness on Disaster Management
Design a 10 minute skit on Disaster Management.
Design posters on do’s and don'ts of various hazards prevalent in that area.
Visit a slum community and enact the skit by using the posters. The Skit and the posters can also be used to make the junior students aware.
(Note for the Teachers: Better awareness and preparedness amongst the community members have saved a lot of life and property. As responsible future citizens of the country, students can play a major role in awaring the community to be better prepared for natural hazards (flood, cyclone, landslide, tsunami etc) and human induced hazards (fire, rail road and air accidents ). Local language should be used so that the community is able to have a better understanding. The Principal along with the teachers can help the students in organizing a meeting with the local slum community).
PROJECT 3 - Preparation of Models of Disaster Resilient Structures
Make layouts of models based on structural improvement in buildings in a rural/ urban community in coastal areas prone to floods/cyclones or in areas prone to earthquakes/landslides. Show the special features of the buildings and indicate the early warning system that could be best used in that community.
(Note for Teachers: To carry out the project, there is a need to have a good understanding about the subject. The class X textbook on Disaster Management will help the teachers and the students to have a fair understanding about the topic. However, the school also needs to seek support from qualified engineers, and architects who have knowledge on safe construction practices from either the Government or private sector and also from academic institutions. Qualified engineers and architects can be invited by the principal of the school for lectures and also to suggest methods of carrying out the models. For assessing the project carried out by the school, these qualified persons may also be invited.)
PROJECT 4 - Pocket Guide on First Aid
Prepare a pocket guide on First Aid for your school. The First Aid pocket guide should contain aid that needs to be given for fractures, poisoning, cuts and burns, heat and cold wave and other threats that are prevalent in that area. The content shared in the guide should be supported with adequate pictures so as to give a clear and elaborate understanding about the topic. Choose awareness campaign strategy for either senior citizens or illiterate people and prepare a brief write-up.
(Note for the Teachers: The project can be carried out by a group of students in a class and work can be equally divided amongst the students so that the teachers are able to evaluate them easily. Doctors, local health practitioners, trained volunteers of Red Cross and professionals from other agencies/bodies/institutes, proficient in this field can be consulted to prepare the first-aid pocket guide. This guide can be printed by the school administration and shared with all the students, teachers and other staff members of the school. It can be used as a ready reckoner for any First Aid related information.
PROJECT 5 - Institutional Case Study on Disaster Response
Visit a local NGO/agency such as the United Nations, Red Cross/ Voluntary Youth Organisations like Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS), National Cadet Corp (NCC), Bharat Scouts and Guides etc; and prepare a case study on how the agencies played a major role in Disaster Response.
(Note for the Teachers: The teachers may select the organisation/agency that they would like the students to be associated with. It can be mentioned here that each district in India has a Red Cross wing headed by the District Magistrate/Collector/Dy. Commissioner. The students before analysing the role played by various agencies can give a brief background of the organisation/agency on its mandate, objectives and goals and role during disasters).
PROJECT 6 - Communication facilities for Disaster Management
Choose any one method of communication from various means of communication like radio/satellite/television/ Ham radio which are used by Government departments such as the Indian Meteorological Department to disseminate information. Find out how the information is disseminated by them at various levels during disasters. Prepare a report.
(Note for the Teachers: The students can visit the government departments such as the All India Radio, Doordarshan etc. Principals are expected to issue a letter to the concerned Government Department so as to inform the department that the information collected will be solely for project purpose. Case studies can also be collected to make the project more interesting).
PROJECT 7: Preparation of Disaster Contingency Plan
Prepare a Contingency Plan either for your school or home/community.. The Plan should be based on an actual survey of your area/locality or school. The Plan prepared should consist of the following maps, inventory of resources available and a seasonality calendar highlighting the seasons prone to various hazards prevalent in that locality/school.
• A social map
• A Resource map
• A Vulnerability map on the outline map of your locality.
(Note for the Teachers: The teachers need to help the students while preparing the plan for the locality/school. It should answer the questions given under the sub-heading ‘community contingency plan’ in the lesson, called ‘Planning Ahead’ of Class X Disaster Management textbook.